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What is a Passenger Elevator?
A passenger elevator is a type of elevator that allows people to ride in it. In some cases, these are commercial elevators used by employees or customers to travel between floors in a building. In other cases, these are private elevators that allow people to access rooms in their homes.
Passenger elevators are usually designed with safety features such as fireproofing materials, emergency brakes, and automatic shutoff systems that activate if something goes wrong while riding in the car. These features make them safer than many other types of elevators used in buildings today.
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How Tall is a Passenger Elevator?
A passenger elevator is a machine that carries people between floors of a building. The most common form of passenger elevator is the type that moves up and down inside a shaft, also called a vertical lift.
The size of an elevator car varies with its function. A freight or goods elevator can be larger than an average car. Passenger elevators range from about 6 feet (1.8 meters) to more than 20 feet (6 meters) high—and some skyscrapers have elevators that are more than 100 feet (30 meters) tall!
The length of the car also varies by building use. In a commercial building, where passengers make frequent trips up and down in different directions, longer cars are usually installed. In residential buildings, shorter cars may be used because they take up less space in the shaft and don’t require so much power to operate
How Fast Can a Passenger Elevator Go?
A passenger elevator can travel at speeds up to thirty-six miles per hour. However, the actual speed is usually significantly less because of the load it is carrying and the number of stops it must make on the way.
Elevator manufacturers design their systems to carry a maximum number of passengers in a given space. The amount of space required depends on the number of passengers and their size. For example, two people who are large or overweight may require more space than two people who are small or thin.
The maximum speed of an elevator is typically determined by how quickly it can stop on each floor. If an elevator travels too fast between floors, it cannot stop completely within its allotted time slot. Thus, elevator manufacturers limit speeds to ensure that the elevator will be able to stop safely on each floor without damaging the structure or causing injury to passengers or staff members
How Much is a Passenger Elevator?
The cost of a passenger elevator installation project depends on several factors. A major factor is the size of your home and the distance from the ground floor to the upper floors.
The average cost for an elevator installation project is around $20,000-$30,000. This price range also varies depending on how many floors you need to be lifted and what type of materials you want to be used in your elevator.
If you are looking for an elevator that can transport more than one person at a time, then it will cost more money than a single-person lift.
For example, if your home has two floors and you need to be lifted up both levels, then it will cost more money than if it had only one level. In addition to this, there are different types of elevators available for purchase such as a standard residential elevator or a commercial one that can hold many people at once.
How Does a Passenger Elevator Work?
Passenger elevators are one of the most common types of elevators in use today. They’re used to transport people from one floor to another in a building or other structure.
These elevators are typically installed inside buildings, but they can also be installed outdoors on the sides of buildings.
Elevator service is provided by elevator companies and elevator maintenance companies.
Passenger Elevator Components
A passenger elevator is made up of several different components that work together to make the elevator functional. The main parts of a passenger elevator include:
Carriage – This is the part of the elevator that moves up and down as it travels between floors. The carriage houses all of the other components needed for the proper operation of the elevator, including safety devices and controls for operating the lift car on its journey up and down between floors. There are two main types of carriages: open hoists and closed hoists (also known as cabless). Open hoists have open sides, while closed hoist cabins have doors on all four sides so passengers can enter or exit while in motion.
Travelling Cable – The travelling cable is a high-tensile steel wire rope that runs through sheaves (wheel-like devices) mounted on the top and bottom side frames of each level of the lift shaft. The cable runs from the top of the elevator car to a counterweight located on the opposite side of the building, where it is anchored. It also connects to a drive motor that runs through pulleys and gears at each level of the shaft. As passengers ride in an elevator car, they push against this cable with their weight.
Counterweight – Counterweights are large pieces of metal that hang on both sides of an elevator’s carriages in order to balance out its weight so it can travel vertically without falling down due to gravity’s pull on it. Counterweights are usually made of metal, though some elevators have used concrete or other materials for their counterweight. They hang from the top of the elevator shaft, which is a vertical tunnel through which cars travel up and down. The weight of the carriages pulls on cables that run through pulleys at each floor level.
How Many Passengers Can an Elevator Hold?
The answer depends on the size and type of elevator, but generally speaking, it’s safe to say that an average elevator can hold anywhere from 5 to 10 passengers at a time.
Elevators are designed to carry a certain number of people based on their weight-carrying capacity (WC). The WC is the maximum number of pounds that can be safely carried by an elevator car at one time. For example, the standard WC for many passenger elevators is 800 pounds. This means that if you have five people weighing 150 pounds each in an elevator with a WC of 800 pounds, then the total weight carrying capacity would be 750 pounds – or five passengers plus another 150 pounds worth of equipment. That’s why it’s important to always check the weight capacity before you load up your car with passengers and equipment alike!
How is Passenger Elevator Capacity Calculated?
Passenger elevator capacity is the maximum number of passengers that can be transported in a single trip. This number is calculated using a formula that takes into account the weight of each passenger and their luggage.
Passenger Elevator Capacity Calculation
For most passenger elevators, the capacity will be 2,100 pounds per car (2,000 for wheelchair access). This means that if there are two cars in an elevator shaft, then you can have up to 4,200 pounds of weight or eight passengers (including themselves) per car. If there are three cars in an elevator shaft, then you can have up to 6,300 pounds of weight or 12 passengers per car.
How is Passenger Elevator Capacity Calculated?
The formula used to determine passenger elevator capacity is:
(Weight x Number) / Elevator Speed = Average Weight per person
Using the example of two cars in an elevator shaft, the formula would look like this: 4,200 lbs x 2 = 8,400 lbs / 300 ft/min = 25.6 lbs per person.
What is the Difference Between a Passenger Elevator and a Home Elevator?
A home elevator is usually much smaller than a passenger elevator, which is why it’s more appropriate for small homes. While a passenger elevator can carry up to 20 people at once, home elevators typically hold only a few people at once.
Home elevators are also much slower than their commercial counterparts. They can take as long as an hour to reach the top floor of your home, while commercial elevators typically travel at speeds of up to 1,200 feet per minute (FPM).
When you purchase a home elevator, you’ll have to install it yourself or hire an installer to do the work for you. This means that you’ll need to ensure that the area where you plan to install it has enough power outlets and other necessary connections so that the unit can operate correctly.
How Many Floors Can a Passenger Elevator Go Up?
The answer depends on the elevator. There are several different elevators, and each type has an extra maximum height.
The highest passenger elevator in the world can go up to approximately 1,600 feet (487 meters). However, most passenger elevators are between 80 and 110 feet (24 and 33 meters) tall.
Passenger elevators can go up to only 30 stories high. If you have an office building with more than 30 floors, a freight elevator is recommended for going to the upper floors because it can go higher than 30 stories.
What is the Difference Between High-speed and Low-speed Passenger Elevators?
High-speed and low-speed elevators have different features, but they are both equally important to the design of your building.
High-speed elevators are used in tall buildings or buildings with many stories. They can move at speeds of up to 500 feet per minute (fpm), which means they can travel up and down a building in less than 30 seconds. These elevators are often used in office buildings, hotels, and other commercial spaces where elevator traffic is high.
Low-speed elevators are commonly found in residential and commercial buildings with only one or two stories. These elevators usually travel at speeds of 50 fpm, which means it takes about 15 seconds for them to move from one floor to another. Low-speed elevators are also dumbwaiters because they are designed to carry food from the kitchen straight into the dining room or living room without stopping at any floors along the way.
Machine Room Passenger Elevator Construction Drawings and Parameters
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Standard Function and Optional Function of Passenger Elevator
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- VWF drive: Motor rotating speed can be precisely adjusted to get a smooth speed curve in lift start, travel, and stop and gain sound comfort.
- VWF door operator: Motor rotating speed can be precisely adjusted to get the more gentle and sensitive door machine to start/stop.
- Independent running: The lift can not respond to outer calling but only respond to the command inside the car through the action switch.
- Automatic pass without stop: When the car is crowded with passengers or the load is dose to a preset value, the car will automatically pass the calling landing to keep maximum travel efficiency.
- Automatically adjust door opening time: Door-open time can be automatically adjusted according to the difference between landing calling or car calling.
- Reopen with hall call: In the door shutting process, press reopen with hall call button can restart the door.
- Express door dosing: When the lift stops and opens the door, press the door-shut button, and the door will be closed immediately.
- The car stops, and the door opens: The lift decelerates and levels; the door only opens after the ride comes to a complete stop.
- Car arrival gong: Arrival tong in the car top announces that the passengers have arrived.
- Command register cancel: If you press the wrong floor command button in the car, continuous pressing of the same button can cancel the registered command.
- Photocell protection: In the door open and shut period, infrared light that covers the full door height is used to probe the door protection device of both the passengers and objects.
- Designated stop: If the lift can not open the door on the destination floor for some reason, the charge will close the door and travel to the next designated floor.
- Overload holding stop: When the car is overloaded, the buzzer rings and stops the left on the same floor.
- Anti-stall timer protection: The lift stops operation due to slippery traction wire rope.
- Start protection control: If the lift does not leave the door zone within the designated time after it gets started, it will stop the operation.
- Inspection operation: When the lift enters into inspection operation, the car travels at inching running.
- Fault self-diagnosis: The controller can record 62 latest troubles to remove the trouble and restore the lift operation quickly.
- Repeated door dosing: If the lift can not close due to certain obstacles or interference, the ride will reopen or re- shut the door until sundries are eliminated.
- Uptown over-run and absolute limit protection: The device can effectively prevent the If s surging to the top or knocking the bottom when it is out of control. It results in more safe and more reliable lift travel.
- Down over-speed protection device: When the lift downs 1.2 times higher than the rated speed, this device will automatically cut off control! Mains, stop the motor running to stop it down at over-speed. ff the list continues to down at over speed, and the pace is 1.4 times higher than rated speed, safety tongs act to force the lit stop to ensure safety.
- Upward over-speed protection device: When the lift ups 1.2 times higher than the rated speed, the device will automatically decelerate or brake it.
- Micro-touch button for car and hall calls: A novel micro-touch button is used for the operation pane! Command button in the car and landing calling button.
- The floor and direction indicator inside the car shows the lift floor location and current travel direction.
- Floor and direction indicator: The landing show the lift floor location and current travel direction.
- Emergency car lighting: Emergency car lighting is automatically activated once power fails.
- Inching running: When the lift enters an emergency electric operation, the car travels at low-speed inching running.
- Five-way intercom: Communication amid the car, car top, ft machine room, well pit, and rescue duty room through a walkie-talkie.
- Bell: In emergency conditions, if the bell button above the car operation panel is continuously pressed, the electric bell rings on top of the car.
- Fire emergency return: if you start the key switch in the main landing or monitor screen, all the callings will be cancelled. The lift directly and immediately drives to the designated rescue landing and automatically opens the door.
- Car variation: light automatic shut off: If there is no cling or command signal within the stipulated time, the car fan and lighting will be automatically dosed to save energy.
- Remote shutoff: The lift can be called to the main landing (after finishing the service) through the key switch and automatically exists the service.
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